Spring 2017 Seminars

Thursday, January  26  |  Patenge C102 East Fee

Enrique Schisterman, PhD | View Seminar
Chief and Senior Investigator
National Institute of Health

" Aspirin restores diminished pregnancy and live birth rates in women with low-grade inflammation."

Summary: Inflammation contributes to many diseases, and is an increasingly recognized factor in certain causes of infertility. Inflammation may impact live birth rates, and may identify women who would benefit from anti-inflammatory therapy with aspirin. Thus, our objective was to investigate whether pre-pregnancy C-reactive protein (hsCRP), as a marker of low-grade chronic inflammation, could identify women who have improvement in clinical pregnancy and live birth rates from preconception-initiated low dose aspirin (LDA) therapy. This analysis was a secondary, stratified analysis of the Effects of Aspirin in Gestation and Reproduction (EAGeR), a multi-center, block-randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Participants were women aged 18-40 (N=1228) years with a history of one or two pregnancy losses actively attempting to conceive. Women were stratified by tertile of pre-pregnancy, pre-intervention serum hsCRP (low: <0.70 mg/L; mid: 0.70- <1.95 mg/L; high: ≥1.95 mg/L). Daily LDA plus folic acid was compared with matching placebo plus folic acid for up to six menstrual cycles while attempting pregnancy and through 36 weeks gestation in women who conceived.

Thursday, February 9  |  Patenge C102 East Fee

Brett Kissela, MD, MS | View Seminar
Professor and Chair
Dept of Neurology and Rehabilitation Medicine
University of Cincinnati

“Disparities in Stroke Incidence and Outcomes, and How We Might Change Both for the Better ”

Disparities in stroke incidence and mortality are a major public health problem. As one of the few long term population-based epidemiological studies of stroke in the United States, the Greater Cincinnati Northern Kentucky Stroke Study is uniquely positioned to document ongoing trends in the epidemiology of stroke and to identify changes in health disparities. Dr. Kissela will present the study’s data that illustrate widening disparities in health outcomes following stroke. Discussion will center on the importance of conducting population-based surveillance studies to understand the changing epidemiology of stroke, and to how these studies can be used to develop and test clinical and population-based interventions. How long term population-based epidemiologic studies can best evolve over time to maximize their impact on public health will also be addressed.

Thursday, February  23  |  Patenge C102 East Fee

Debra Furr-Holden, PhD | View Seminar
Research Consortium on Gender-Based Violence
Professor, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Michigan State University

“Public Health Efforts in Flint: Challenges and Opportunities "

Flint has faced a variety of public health challenges in the past several decades that have only been exacerbated by the Flint Water Crisis. Government mistrust among residents is at an all time high at a time when municipal interventions are most needed. The public health community of Flint including academics, community leaders, the local health department and hospitals have come together to work on solutions for the Flint community. This seminar will provide an overview of the public health challenges and opportunites in Flint as well as provide examples of ongoing efforts and policy-relevant approaches to address the publich health needs of the Flint community. Policy-based research and implementation efforts in Flint specifically addressing food access, nutrition, and behavioral health will be discussed.

Thursday, March 23 |   Patenge C102 East Fee

Carol Janney, PhD | View Seminar
Assistant Professor, Dept of Epidemiology and Biostatistics
Community Health Researcher
Michigan State University

"Patients and Communities impacting mental health research"

1. To identify various ways patients and communities can participate in mental health research and positively impact mental health
2. Understand the mental health needs of local communities as discussed in PCORI (Patient Centered Outcomes Research Initiative) focus groups (Fall 2016).
3. Obtain a better understanding of qualitative and quantitative mental health research processes.

Building a Pipeline to Improve Mental Health Care, Self-Management, and Outcomes in Rural Communities - Tier I awarded to Dr. Carol Janney

In rural areas, individuals with mental illness have limited, if any, access to evidence-based, effective, and affordable mental health care. Patient education to support self-management of mental illness may not be available or readily accessible. Hence, this pre-engagement proposal aims to develop a mental health patient-centered research community and advisory board for these rural communities with the long-term goal of improving mental health care, self-management, and outcomes. Both the mental health patient-centered research community and advisory board are new concepts and collaborations for these rural communities.

First, the project will focus on identifying mental health and community stakeholders, including but not limited to the following: individuals and families with mental illness; providers of mental health services and primary care; mental health organizations; civic and faith-based organizations; schools and colleges; industry; and local health departments. Next, individual or group meetings will be held with the mental health and community stakeholders to identify 1) mental health resources currently available in these rural communities, 2) unmet behavioral and mental health needs of the rural residents, 3) priority issues, and 4) volunteers interested in serving on the advisory board and/or participating in the mental health patient-centered research community. Finally, an advisory board will be established to create a research agenda for patient-centered outcomes and comparative effectiveness research (PCOR/CER) that is meaningful for these patients and rural communities, and has the potential to significantly improve mental health care, self-management, and/or outcomes in these rural communities.

Thursday, April 13  |  E4 Fee Hall

Carina Gronlund, PhD | View Seminar
Dow Postdoctoral Fellow
Center for Social Epidemiology and Population Health
School of Public Health
University of Michigan

“Pragmatic methods for projecting climate-associated health effects in Michigan "

Extreme heat (EH) and extreme precipitation (EP) events are expected to increase in Michigan. Spatially characterizing the future morbidity and mortality burden of EH and EP will identify areas for public health intervention and inform climate change adaptation strategies. Quantitative and qualitative estimates of the future burden of disease related to climate change in Michigan were estimated as part of the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services CDC-funded project “Building Resilience Against ClimateEffects.” The sources and magnitude of uncertainty, as well as other climate-associated health risks, will be discussed.

Thursday, April 27th 4:00-5:00 pm

Epi/Biostats Student Research Event:
From avian influenza to bayesian inference, pregnancy monitoring to substance abuse risks. 

6th Floor Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics (Lobby/Central Conference Room/and A wing poster exhibition area

Refreshments will be served.

The following students will present posters and slide show/oral presentations on the topics below:

Karl Alcover – “Rapid-onset Cannabis Problems: Excess Risk for Polydrug Users?”

Samantha Bauer – “Wet behind the ears? A Bayesian approach to estimating heroin incidence age by age.”

Madhur Chandra -- "Of sleet and snow: Are newly incident crack users at greater risk of developing cocaine dependence problems soon after onset of cocaine use?"

Mallory Doan Davis, Alicynne Glazier (presenter), Shelby Atkinson, and Tengfei Ma : "The Archive for Research on Child Health Cohort: a wealth of information available to researchers".

Pete Haak – “Self-reported physical abuse among women before and during pregnancy Michigan Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2012-2014

Aisling Nolan – “Epidemiologic Traits of the Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N2 Outbreak among Commercial Poultry Farms between April and June of 2015"

Jacob Paciorek -- Workplace Leave and Breastfeeding Initiation and Duration; Michigan Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) 2012-2014.

Hannah Sauter --" Maternal Depression in Michigan’s Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS), 2012-2014"

Madhavi Thombre – “Depression, Anxiety, Anti-depressant, Anxiolytic Medication use and their Associations with Maternal Hypertension”